English Learners in California Schools (2023)

California has the largest English learner (EL) student population in the nation.In order to ensure EL students are receiving appropriate services and making progress towards English language proficiency,the California Department of Education (CDE) monitors and reports on the educational outcomes for EL students and is committed to closing achievement gaps. This web page provides information, resources, and educational outcomes for EL students.Select one of the tabs below to access specific information or resources for EL students.

The CDE provides many free and publicly available resources to help assist English learner (EL) students, parents, districts, and schools. To access these additional resources, please visit the English Learners web page.

English Learner Population in California

California has the largest English learner (EL) student population in the nation. This tab provides an overview of California’s EL student population in 2021–22.

For definitions of terms used in these reports, please visit Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports

2021–2022 Student Enrollment

  • 5,892,240 total student enrollment for kindergarten through grade 12
  • 1,127,648 are current English Learners (ELs), 19.1% of California's 5.9 million students are EL students
  • 963,056 are Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP), 16.3% of California's 5.9 million students are RFEP students

2021–2022 Ever-ELs

As indicated in the flow chart below, there are 2,090,704 Ever-ELs. The number of Ever-ELs is a combination two boxes at the bottom: 1,127,648 EL students and the 963,056 RFEP students.

English Learners in California Schools (1)

Enrollment by EL Status

As indicated in the pie chart below, there are 2,090,704 Ever-ELs in 2021–22.
Data Source : 2021–22 "At – Risk" and Long-Term English Learners (LTEL) by Grade.

English Learners in California Schools (2)

Out of the 2,090,704 ELs in California, 963,056 (46%) are RFEPs, 497,471 (24%) have been ELs for less than three years, 211,055 (10%) are At-Risk of becoming LTEL, 379,290 (18%) are LTEL, and 39,832 (2%) have been ELs for more than four years but are not At-Risk or LTEL.

State Level Educational Outcomes of English Learner Students

The outcomes for English learners (EL) students are annually reported on DataQuest. DataQuest is the California Department of Education’s online, public reporting system that provides reports about California’s schools and school districts. To find out how to access reports specifically for EL on DataQuest, view these Instructions on Accessing Data (DOCX).

Percent of Students Meeting or Exceeding Standards - 2021–2022 Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in English Language Arts/Literacy

The graph below displays the 2021–2022 school year percent of EL, Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP), Ever EL, and English only students meeting or exceeding standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in English language arts/literacy (ELA).

For definitions of the different EL student groups on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment, please visit English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics

English Learners in California Schools (4)

The Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA is only offered in grades 3-8 and grade 11. The results of the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA is as follows:

(Video) Who Are English Learners in California Schools?

  • Out of 528,154 EL students with scores, 12.5% of EL students met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment ELA.
  • Out of 569,720 RFEP students with scores, 58.8% of RFEP students met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment ELA.
  • Out of 1,097,960 Ever ELs with scores, 36.5% of Ever ELs met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment ELA.
  • Out of 1,733,951 English only students with scores, 51.8% of English only students met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment ELA.
Percent of Students Meeting or Exceeding Standards - 2021–2022 Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in Mathematics

The graph below displays the 2021–2022 school year percent of EL, RFEP, Ever EL, and English only students meeting or exceeding standards on the Smarter Balanced Assessment in mathematics.

For definitions of the different EL student groups on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment results, please visit English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics

English Learners in California Schools (6)

The Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics is only offered in grades 3-8 and grade 11. The results of the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics is as follows:

  • Out of 539,737 EL students with scores, 9.7% of EL students met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment mathematics.
  • Out of 568,339 RFEP students with scores, 36.4% of RFEP students met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment mathematics.
  • Out of 1,108,163Ever ELs with scores, 23.4% of Ever ELs met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment mathematics.
  • Out of 1,728,052 English only students with scores, 37.8% of English only students met or exceeded standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment mathematics.
2021–2022 Percent of Students Chronically Absent

The graph below displays the 2021–2022 school year chronic absenteeism rates for EL students and non-EL students. Chronic absence rate is calculated as the percent of students who miss ten percent or more of the days they are expected to attend. Statewide, EL students had a chronic absenteeism rate of 34.7%, compared to 28.8% for non-EL students.

For definitions on the different EL student groups on DataQuest reports, please visit Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports.

English Learners in California Schools (7)

2021–2022 Suspension Rate

The 2021–2022 school year suspension rates for EL students and non-EL students. Suspension rate is calculated as the percent of all students who were suspended one or more times during the school year for an in-school or out-of-school suspension. Statewide, EL students and non-EL students had a suspension rate of 3.2%.

For definitions on the different EL student groups on DataQuest reports, please visit Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports.

English Learners in California Schools (8)

2021–2022 Stability Rate

The graph below displays the 2021–2022 school year stability rates for EL students and non-EL students. Stability rate is calculated as the percent of students with a minimum of 245 consecutive calendar days at the same school without a disqualifying exit (e.g., truant, expelled). Statewide EL students had a stability rate of 87.7% compared non-EL students stability rate of 90.3%.

English Learners in California Schools (9)

2021–2022 Four- Year Cohort Graduation Rate

The graph below displays the 2021–2022 school year four-year cohort graduation rates for EL students and non-EL students. The four-year cohort graduation rate is calculated as the percent of students who graduate high school with a traditional high school diploma within four years from the time they enter ninth grade. Statewide, 71.8% EL students graduated within 4 years compared to 89.5% of non-EL students.

For definitions on the different EL student groups on DataQuest reports, please visit Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports.

English Learners in California Schools (10)

2021–2022 Five- Year Cohort Graduation Rate

The graph below displays the 2021–2022 school year five-year cohort graduation rates for EL students and non-EL students. The five-year cohort graduation rate is calculated as the percent of students who graduate high school with a traditional high school diploma within five years from the time they enter ninth grade. Statewide, 73.0% EL students graduated within 5 years compared to 88.7% non-EL students.

For definitions on the different EL student groups on DataQuest reports, please visit Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports.

English Learners in California Schools (11)

(Video) California Voters to Decide How Schools Teach English-Learners

State Level Accountability for English Learners

Accountability results for English learner (EL) students, outlined below, are published annually on the California School Dashboard (Dashboard). The Dashboard provides information about how local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools are meeting the needs of California's diverse student population. The results on this tab represent EL results statewide on the 2022 Dashboard. To find out how LEAs and schools are meeting the needs of their EL students, visit the California School DashboardEnglish Learners in California Schools (12)

English Learners in California Schools (13)

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, state law allows the 2022 Dashboard to only display the most current year of data (also known as Status). For this year only, performance levels will be reported using one of five Status levels (ranging from Very High, High, Medium, Low, and Very Low) for state measures. Please note that the Status levels associated with the Chronic Absenteeism and Suspension Rate Indicators are reversed (ranging from Very Low, Low, Medium, High, and Very High). Information regarding this year's Dashboard data is available within the Dashboard Communications Toolkit.

Visit the California School DashboardEnglish Learners in California Schools (14) to view statewide indicators. To find out how to access statewide indicators specifically for EL students on the California School Dashboard, view these Instructions on Accessing Data (DOCX).

For more information on how the EL student group is defined for each state indicator on the Dashboard, please visit English Learner Students on the California School Dashboard (PDF)

English Learner Progress – 2022

English Learner progress rate is calculated as the percent of EL students making progress towards English language proficiency. In 2022, 50.3% of EL students made towards English language proficiency. This percent is based on based on 785,734 EL students statewide.

English Learners in California Schools (15)

English Language Arts/Literacy – 2022

The English Language arts/literacy (ELA) indicator shows how well students are at meeting grade-level standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA. The Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA is administered in grades 3-8 and grade 11. The ELA indicator combines current EL students and students who have been reclassified within the last four years. The 2022 ELA cell phone bar has two bars in purple indicating a Status Level of Low. In 2022, current EL students and recently reclassified EL students scored an average of 61.2 points below standard. This is based on 807,968 current EL students and recently reclassified EL students statewide who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA.

English Learners in California Schools (16)

In 2022, current EL students scored an average of 98.5 points below standard. This is based on 512,600 current EL students statewide who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA.

English Learners in California Schools (17)

In 2022, reclassified EL students scored an average of 3.4 points above standard. This is based on 295,368 reclassified EL students who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA.

English Learners in California Schools (18)

In 2022, English only students scored an average of 1.1 points above standard. This is based on 1,755,866 English only students who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA.

English Learners in California Schools (19)

Mathematics – 2022

The mathematics indicator shows how well students are at meeting grade-level standards on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics. The Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics is administered in grades 3-8 and grade 11. The mathematics indicator combines current EL students and students who have been reclassified within the last four years. The 2022 Mathematics cell phone bar has two bars in purple indicating a Status Level of Low. In 2022, current EL students and recently reclassified EL students scored an average of 92 points below standard. This is based on 806,350 current EL students and recently reclassified EL students statewide who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics.

English Learners in California Schools (20)

(Video) Introduction and Overview - California EL ROADMAP Policy

In 2022, current EL students scored an average of 122.3 points below standard. This is based on 511,578 current EL students statewide who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics.

English Learners in California Schools (21)

In 2022, reclassified EL students scored an average of 39.3 points below standard. This is based on 294,772 reclassified EL students who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics.

English Learners in California Schools (22)

In 2022, English only students scored an average of 40.4 points below standard. This is based on 1,748,522 English only students who took the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in mathematics.

English Learners in California Schools (23)

Chronic Absenteeism – 2022

The chronic absenteeism rate is calculated as the percent of students who miss ten percent or more of the days they are expected to attend. The 2022 Chronic Absenteeism cell phone bar has one bar in purple indicating a Status Level of Very High. In 2022, 33.6% of EL students were chronically absent. This percent is based on 947,569 EL students statewide.

English Learners in California Schools (24)

Suspension Rate – 2022

The suspension rate is calculated as the percent of all students who were suspended one or more times during the school year for an in-school or out-of-school suspension. The 2022 Suspension cell phone bar has three bars in purple indicating a Status Level of Medium. In 2022, 3.2 % of EL students were suspended at least once. This percent is based on 1,216,311 EL students statewide.

English Learners in California Schools (25)

Graduation – 2022

The graduation rate for the California School Dashboard is the combined four-and five-year graduation rate. The 2022 Graduation cell phone bar has two bars in purple indicating a Status Level of Low. In 2022, 73.3% of EL students graduated high school. This percent is based on 74,304 English learner students. More information on this graduation rate calculation can be found in the 2022 Graduation Rate Mini Guide (DOCX).

English Learners in California Schools (26)

College/Career – 2022

The College/Career Indicator was not reported on the 2022 Dashboard.

EL Roadmap

The California English Learner Roadmap: Strengthening Comprehensive Educational Policies, Programs, and Practices for English Learners (CA EL Roadmap) was adopted by the State Board of Education (SBE) in July 2017. The CA EL Roadmap is a Guide to assist local educational agencies to implement California's 21st century college-and-career-ready standards, curriculum, instruction programs, and assessments.

The CA EL Roadmap policy outlines four main principles:

  • Principle One: Assets-Oriented and Needs Responsive Schools
  • Principle Two: Intellectual Quality of Instruction and Meaningful Access
  • Principle Three: System Conditions that Support Effectiveness
  • Principle Four: Alignment and Articulation Within and Across Systems

For more information and resources on the CA EL Roadmap, please visit English Learner Roadmap.

COVID-19

During the COVID-19 outbreak, the California Department of Education has provided resources, webinars, and guidance for EL distance learning and the transition to schools reopening.

For more information, please visit the CDE’s COVID-19 EL resources web page at COVID-19 English Learner Resources.

For more information on COVID-19 and Data Reporting, please visit the CDE's COVID-19 and Data Reporting web page.

For more information on COVID-19 and Accountability, please visit the CDE's COVID-19 Accountability FAQs web page.

(Video) CISL English Schools in California

English Learners Monitoring

The California Department of Education is committed to moving all of California’s English learner (EL) students to English language proficiency as rapidly and effectively as possible. In order to meet this goal, the CDE provides monitoring and technical assistance to local educational agencies on the EL program and services.

For more information, please visit the CDE’s Technical Assistance and Monitoring web page at Technical Assistance and Monitoring.

Downloadable English Learner Data Files

The California Department of Education makes available several downloadable data files on English learners.

  • English LearnersEnglish learners by grade and language.
  • Fluent-English-Proficient (FEP)FEP students by grade and language.
  • Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP)
    EL students reclassified from EL to FEP since the last census.
  • Long-Term English Learner (LTEL)
    Enrollment by English Language Acquisition Status (ELAS), LTEL status, and At-Risk of becoming LTEL status by grade.
2019 English Learner Progress Indicator (ELPI) Status

ELPI Status measures progress toward English language proficiency.

  • English Learner Progress Indicator- Record Layout
  • English Learner Progress Indicator - Data File (XLSX)
  • English Learner Progress Indicator - Data File (TXT)

EL Definitions

This tab provides information and resources on how English Learner (EL) students are defined across the various data reports provided by the California Department of Education (CDE). This tab also provides information on additional resources for EL students, parents, schools, and districts.

EL Definitions

General Definitions

This section provides general definitions of ELs, Reclassified Fluent English Proficient (RFEP) students, and those students who were ever English Learners (Ever-ELs).

  • English Learner – A student who enrolls in a California school beginning in any grade level, transitional kindergarten through grade twelve, has a language other than English identified on the Home Language Survey, and upon assessment, obtained a level of English proficiency that indicates programs and services are necessary. Students identified as English learners receive programs and services until they meet the reclassification criteria pursuant to Education Code (EC) Section 313.
  • Reclassified Fluent English Proficient Student – A former EL student who has met the four criteria specified in California EC Section 313(f). For more information on the four criteria for reclassification, please visit Reclassifications web page.
  • Ever-ELs – Current EL students and RFEP students.
Long-Term English Learners (LTELs) and At-Risk for LTEL

For definitions of Long-Term English Learners and students “At-Risk” of becoming Long-Term English Learners, please visit Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports.

DataQuest Reports

For definitions on the different EL student groups on DataQuest reports, please visit the Glossary of Terms for English Learner (EL) Reports.

Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment in ELA and Mathematics

For definitions of EL students, Ever ELs, and English only students on the Smarter Balanced Summative Assessment, please visit English Language Arts/Literacy and Mathematics.

For additional information on the achievement of EL students, please visit Understanding English Learner Achievement in California (PDF).

Initial and Summative English Language Proficiency Assessments for California (ELPAC)

For definitions of EL students on the Initial ELPAC, please visit Understanding Initial ELPAC Summary Reports.

(Video) Why California's Public Schools Are Failing | Anonymous School Teacher

For definitions of EL students on the Summative ELPAC, please visit Understanding Summative ELPAC Summary Reports.

California School Dashboard

The California School Dashboard (Dashboard) has six state indicators. These indicators are reported at the student group level (i.e., race/ethnicity, foster youth, EL, homeless). However, students included in the EL student group vary by state indicator. Please visit Who is Included in the English Learner Student Group? (PDF) for an explanation of how the English learner student group is included in each indicator.

FAQs

What percentage of California schools are English learners? ›

Basic Facts—California Language Census: Fall 2022

English learners are a significant portion of California public school students: The 1,112, 535 English learners constitute 19.01 percent of the total enrollment in California public schools.

How many students in California are English language learners? ›

Enrollment by EL Status

As indicated in the pie chart below, there are 2,090,704 Ever-ELs in 2021–22. Data Source : 2021–22 "At – Risk" and Long-Term English Learners (LTEL) by Grade.

What percentage of all students are English language learners? ›

The percentage of public school students in the United States who were English learners (ELs) was higher in fall 2019 (10.4 percent, or 5.1 million students) than in fall 2010 (9.2 percent, or 4.5 million students).

Which state has the highest percentage of English learners in public schools? ›

California had the highest concentration of ELLs in the United States, and nearly one-third of the country's districts with the largest ELL populations were found in California. At the local level, 25 school districts accounted for nearly one-quarter (23 percent) of all ELL students in K-12 public schools in 2011-2012.

Where do California schools rank in literacy? ›

Literacy Rates
#StateLiteracy Rate
47Louisiana72.9%
48Mississippi72%
49Texas71.8%
50California71.6%
47 more rows

Which states have the most ESL students? ›

Most ELLs were born in the United States, and are U.S. citizens. The state with the most ELL students is California — which has 29 percent of all ELLs nationwide. Texas has 18 percent, followed by Florida with 5 percent and New York with 4 percent.

What language do most ELL students speak? ›

While the languages spoken by English Language Learner (ELL) students in the United States are very diverse, Spanish is the most common first or home language, spoken by 71 percent of ELL students.

How many ELL students live in poverty? ›

Given the disadvantaged family backgrounds of many ELs—37% of whom live in poverty and 54% of whom have non-college-educated parents, compared to 21% and 37%, respectively, for all public school students—it is perhaps not surprising that schools serving many EL students are commonly high-poverty schools.

What percent of Californians do not speak English? ›

California
%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP)6.1%
Ages 18-64100%
Speak only English53.6%
Speak language other than English46.4%
20 more rows

Which five states have the largest ELL population? ›

In terms of size of ELL population, California, Florida, Texas, New York, Illinois, Colorado, Washington, and North Carolina each had more than 100,000 ELL students enrolled (see Table 1). Together these eight states accounted for more than two-thirds of the nation's ELL student enrollment in public schools.

Where do most ELL students come from? ›

Nearly 60% of ELLs nationwide are from low-income families in which parents have “disproportionately” limited levels of education (Grantmakers in Education).

What is the difference between ELL and ESL? ›

English language learner (ELL) refers to a student who is age 5 or older and who is learning English as a second language. English as a second language (ESL) is an approach in which students who are not native English speakers are mainly taught in English. It focuses on language skills rather than content.

Which state speaks best English? ›

West Virginia has the highest rate, with over 97 percent of households speaking English at home. German remains a common third language for many states, with over a million speakers nationwide.

What percent of Californians are limited English proficient? ›

Nearly 18 Million Californians Speak a Language Other Than English at Home. Roughly 17.5 million (44.2%) of California's population speak a language other than English at home. Nearly seven million Californians (19%) reported speaking English “less than very well and are considered Limited English proficient (LEP).

Which state has the least amount of ELL students? ›

Less than 1% of public school students in West Virginia were identified as English language learners.
...
States with the lowest percentage of ELL students.
RankState% of ELL students
1West Virginia0.9
2Vermont1.7
3Montana2.0
4New Hampshire2.4
7 more rows
Jul 23, 2019

What parts of California are most educated? ›

A recently released report listed some Bay Area cities as the most educated in the country. San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara and San Francisco-Oakland-Berkeley ranked among the top 10 places in WalletHub's "2022's Most & Least Educated Cities in America."

Is California the most educated state? ›

Massachusetts

Massachusetts is the most educated state in the U.S., with a total score of 81.82. Massachusetts ranks first for Educational Attainment and third for Quality of Education.

How good is California's education system? ›

California is one of three states that earns an “A” for its academic content standards from the Fordham Foundation. It has a higher-than-average proportion of schools not making adequate yearly progress as the state defines it under NCLB.

What is the most bilingual state in the US? ›

One state (Hawai'i) is officially bilingual, and three states (Louisiana, Maine, and New Mexico) have facto bilingual policies. Languages other than English spoken in the U.S.

Are ESL teachers in demand in California? ›

States with large immigrant and refugee populations, such as California, Florida, Illinois, New York and Texas, have a particularly high need for ESL teachers, however more rural areas are also in need. Qualification constraints, status, salary, and additional demands on ESL teachers are some causes for the shortfall.

What state has the most non English speakers? ›

1) California

A whopping 45 percent of California's inhabitants speak a language other than English in the home.

What do ELL students struggle with the most? ›

Here are the top 3 issues many ELLs have to deal with in public schools:
  • Their self-esteem may suffer. Being unable to communicate with their teachers and peers can cause the student to feel isolated or even make them a target for bullies. ...
  • They become demoralized and disengaged. ...
  • They're misplaced in an academic setting.

What are the problems with ESL programs in schools? ›

Three of the most common challenges among ESL programs worldwide are space, scheduling, and staffing. Let's take a closer look at the characteristics of each challenge and explore some possible ways to approach its resolution.

How long does it take for an ELL to speak English fluently? ›

Most English language learners (ELLs) have a goal of advanced fluency, including English for academic purposes and social contexts. Most experts agree that this process takes between five to seven years.

Were the majority of ELL students born in the US? ›

Among public school students ages 5 to 17 who report speaking English “less than very well,” 72% were born in the United States, compared with 28% who were foreign born.

How are ELL students marginalized? ›

Separation among students in the classroom does not allow for a harmonious environment and contributes to ELL students feeling as if they do not belong. This hinders ELL students socially as they are not only driven away from participating in classrooms, but also from participating in other school activities.

What ethnicity has the largest ELL and immigrant population in the United States? ›

More than 75 percent of ELs in 2014–15 were Hispanic or Latino, but made up just 25 percent of all students. Asians also comprised a larger percentage of ELs than all students; about 5 percent of all students were Asian, but Asians accounted for 11 percent of ELs.

Is California English a dialect? ›

Their accent is indeed similar to General American, meaning it sounds to American ears like it isn't an accent at all. Everyone has an accent, however. As with most accents, the vowels are what really set Californians apart.

Do Californians speak with an accent? ›

It's not that Californians have an accent that takes some getting used to, as in Boston, or the American South. On the contrary, the standard-issue California accent is about as plain, mainstream American English as you can get.

What country speaks the most English besides America? ›

The United States and India have the most total English speakers, with 306 million and 265 million, respectively. These are followed by Pakistan (88.69 million), the United Kingdom (68 million), and Nigeria (60 million).

How do you identify EL students? ›

What steps are needed for effectively identifying ELs?
  1. A home language survey. A home language survey is by far the most common means and tool to determine who might or might not be an English learner (EL). ...
  2. Identification testing. ...
  3. Assessment in the primary language.

What is the new term for English language learners? ›

Emergent bilinguals, who are often referred to as English Language Learners (ELLs) or English Learners (ELs), are students who are continuing to develop their home language while also learning an additional language.

What is the percentage of American classrooms that have at least one English language learner? ›

Nearly 3 in 4 American classrooms now includes at least one English-language learner, and these students make up roughly 1 in 10 public school students.

What are some common stereotypes of ELL students? ›

10 Assumptions to Rethink About English-Language Learners
  • Assumption #1: ELLs are homogeneous. ...
  • Assumption #2: All ELLs are immigrants.
  • Assumption #3: Parents of ELLs do not speak English. ...
  • Assumption #4: ELLs are fluent in their native language. ...
  • Assumption #5: English-language proficiency is an indicator of intellect.
Nov 1, 2016

Which country has the most English learners? ›

In 2021, Canada had the most students learning English as a foreign language. The North American country reported approximately 61,000 students who were learning English as a second language that year, followed by the United Kingdom with almost 60,000 foreign students.

Why are so many ELL students in special education? ›

One of the main reasons for the overidentification of ELL students for special education programs is the screening process. Oftentimes, special education screening assessments are in English.

What is an ELL teacher called? ›

If you are wondering how to become an ESL teacher, then you likely already know that “ESL” stands for “English as a second language.” ESL teachers work with English language learners (ELL), helping them acquire and improve their English language skills.

What are the three levels of ELL students? ›

The CA ELD Standards define three proficiency levels—Emerging, Expanding, and Bridging*—to describe the stages of English language development through which ELs are expected to progress as they improve their abilities in listening, speaking, reading, and writing English.

Is ESL outdated? ›

Other Terms Commonly Used in Schools

Students of English for speakers of other languages (ESOL): Predates and is commonly interchanged with ELL but is often used to “other” ELL students. Students of English as a second language (ESL): Considered outdated, as it downplays the value of multilingualism.

Which state speaks the least English? ›

West Virginia had the lowest share of households speaking a language other than English at home, at just 2.4%, followed by Mississippi's 3.7% share.

What is the most neutral English accent? ›

Perhaps the neutral accent is that variety of British English known as 'Received Pronunciation' or RP, today often known as BBC English. But RP is a specific type of British English accent, not English spoken with no accent. The accent owes its status to the dominance of London in British life.

What places speak mostly English? ›

List of majority native English speaking countries
  • Antigua and Barbuda.
  • Australia.
  • The Bahamas.
  • Barbados.
  • Belize.
  • Canada*
  • Dominica.
  • Grenada.

How many English learners are in California schools? ›

Basic Facts—California Language Census: Fall 2021

The 1,127,648 English learners constitute 18.10 percent of the total enrollment in California public schools. A total of 2,360,744 students (English Learners and Fluent English Proficient) speak a language other than English in their homes.

How many Californians don't speak English? ›

California
%
Speak language other than English37.2%
Speak English "very well"13.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP)23.7%
Speak Spanish17.4%
20 more rows

How does California assess English language learners? ›

The ELPAC is the test that is used to measure how well students in kindergarten through twelfth grade understand English when it is not their primary language.

What state has the most English learners? ›

California had the highest concentration of ELLs in the United States, and nearly one-third of the country's districts with the largest ELL populations were found in California.

What percent of ESL students go to college? ›

Similarly, within 8 years of high school graduation, just one in eight of ELs in the sample (12 %) had attained a bachelor's degree, compared with one-third of monolingual English speakers (32 %) and one- fourth of English-proficient LM students (25 %).

What percentage of California speaks English? ›

Most Widely Spoken Languages in California

English is the most used language in California with an estimate of 20,379,282 speakers which translates to 58.8% of California's population.

What percentage of California is bilingual? ›

As of 2021, about 43.9 percent of California's population was speaking a language other than English at home.

What is the 2nd most spoken language in California? ›

Spanish – 2nd most common language spoken in California

Spanish, the most popular language after English spoken in the territory of the US.

What state speaks the most English? ›

West Virginia has the highest rate, with over 97 percent of households speaking English at home. German remains a common third language for many states, with over a million speakers nationwide.

Which state has the most non-English speakers? ›

1) California

A whopping 45 percent of California's inhabitants speak a language other than English in the home.

What percentage of the US is fluent in English? ›

What percentage of the US speaks English? According to the latest census data, over 91% of people in the US speak English very well. 8.2% of people do not speak English “very well”, though this statistic doesn't mean that they are completely non-English speakers.

What percent of the world is fluent in English? ›

About 1.35 billion people on Earth (population: 7.8 billion) speak English. That's more than 15% of the world's total population!

What dialect of English is spoken in California? ›

California English (or Californian English) collectively refers to varieties of American English native to California.

Which US city has the most languages spoken? ›

It's actually New York City. This city of immigrants is also the most linguistically diverse city in the world. Want to learn more? Here are 7 interesting facts about New York City and its languages.

What is the most linguistically diverse state? ›

North Carolina, smack in the middle of the Atlantic South, found more of those dialects within its borders than any other state. On top of that, North Carolina is home to a dialect found nowhere else in the world: the English spoken by those in the Pamlico Sound region, the coastal area that includes the Outer Banks.

Why does California have the most Spanish speakers? ›

Taking Into Account Immigration

California is a popular destination for Spanish-speaking individuals thanks to its close proximity to the southern border of the United States. Furthermore, the culture throughout major cities such as San Francisco and Las Angeles is already heavily influenced by Latin America.

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